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Biryani Masala

 Ingredients For Biryani Masala

Ingredients For Biryani Masala

For Biryani Masala
•Bayleaf – 1
•Cinammon – 2 inch piece
•Cloves – 5
•Green cardomom – 5
•Black cardomom – 1 large
•Black pepper corns – 1/2 tsp.
•Shajeera – 1 tsp.
•Fennel – 1/2 tsp.
•Cumin – 1/2 tsp.
•Mace – 1
•Nutmeg – 1 pinch
•Staranise – 3 petals

Dry roast all these ingredients and make into powder.
This will make approx. 1 tbsp of biryani masala.

Biryani masala powder

Biryani masala powder

Use this biryani masala for Chicken Biryani or Mutton Biryani or even for Vegetable Biryani.

See Recipes for Brinjal Biryani….The vegetarian special.


Hyderabadi Dhum Biryani(With Lamb Shanks)



•Lamb Shanks – 3 (almost 1 kg)
You can even use mutton with bone on – 1kg

-For marinade of meat:

•Yoghurt – 200 gms.
•Juice of 1 lemon
•Ginger garlic paste – 2 tbsp.
•Salt – 1 tsp.
•Turmeric – 1/4 tsp.
•Red chilli powder – 1 tsp.
•Coriander powder – 1 tsp.
•Fresh mint – 1 bunch/pack
•Fresh Coriander – 1 bunch/pack
•Green chillies – 4-5
•Onions – 2 large
•Oil – half to 1 cup for deep frying onions
(or you can use 100 gms. ghee+100 gms. oil)
•Biryani Masala – 1 tbsp.

For Rice:

•Basmati rice – 1 kg or approx. 8 cups
•Bay leafs – 2
•Black pepper corns – 1/2 tsp.
•Cloves – 5
•Cinammon stick – 2 inch piece
•Salt – 1 tsp.
•Water – 16 cups


For Preparing Meat Marinade-

1. Wash the lamb shanks in water, drain and keep aside.
2. Prepare green paste, by picking only the leaves of fresh mint and coriander and removing stems of green chillies, and blending them into a paste by adding a spoonful of yoghurt and keep aside.
3. Slice onions finely, and deep fry, in oil ghee mixture or only oil till golden brown.
4. Keep fried onions and 5 tbsps. of oil for later use
5. Keep ginger garlic paste ready.
6. Prepare biryani masala with the below ingredients-

For Biryani Masala
•Bayleaf – 1
•Cinammon – 2 inch piece
•Cloves – 5
•Green cardomom – 5
•Black cardomom – 1 large
•Black pepper corns – 1/2 tsp.
•Shajeera – 1 tsp.
•Fennel – 1/2 tsp.
•Cumin – 1/2 tsp.
•Mace – 1
•Nutmeg – 1 pinch
•Staranise – 3 petals

Dry roast all these ingredients and make into powder.
This will make approx. 1 tbsp of biryani masala for our dish.

7. Soak a few strands of saffron in warm milk (3-4 tbsp.) and kep aside.
8. Now in a big mixing bowl, place the lamb shanks and add salt, juice of 1 lemon, yoghurt, ginger garlic paste, green paste, red chilli powder, turmeric, coriander powder, biryani masala, fried onions along with oil and mix well till well coated, and cover with foil and place in a refrigirator for atleast 2 hrs (this can also be prepared and left in the refrigirator overnight and can be cooked the next day).

For Preparing Rice:

9. Clean and wash rice for atleast 3 changes of water and soak.
10. Now take a heavy bottom vessel or pressure cooker and transfer the lamb shanks together with all the marinade (DO NOT ADD WATER) and place on the stove top and cover the lid, pressure cook for 15 mins. on med-low flame ( DO NOT BURN) check the meat for doneness the oil should just get seperated.
11. By the time, on the other hand, prepare rice by placing a vessel with enough room and add 16 cups of water, salt, bayleaf, cloves, cinnamon, pepper corns and bring to boil, add rice and cook. Just let the water evaporate and the kernels should be wet still…DO NOT OVERCOOK. The process of rice should not complete, if you are not sure of cooking this way, take extra water to cook rice the same way and drain the excess water when the rice is cooked 3/4ths.But this takes more time, more fuel and….more effort and care should be taken while draining water from large vessels and not to burn ourselves. So I prefer cooking with enough water which i do by myself. Rice SHOULD NOT be cooked and kept before the meat is ready.

Final Procedure:

12. Finally to assemble the meat and rice for Dhum, take a large heavy bottomed vessel or oven dish (in case we are using an oven).
13. Place the cooked meat (pakke-gosht) as the first layer in the vessel, then pour over all the rice which has been prepared,or make it in layers first meat with little gravy then rice and again meat with all gravy and completing it with rice layer, add juice of 1 lemon, saffron milk (if you don’t like this smell, you can add yellow food colour), fried onion and the remaing oil ghee mixture which has been kept aside.
14. Seal the lid with chappati dough or foil paper tightly, see that the steam doesn’t escape.
15. Place the vessel in the oven if it is oven proof on low gas mark for about 30-40mins on the middle rack OR to cook on the stove, place an unused pan or girdle under the vessel, so that the flame doesn’t touch the vessel directly and keep for atleast an hour on low flame.

*I completed the final process in the oven and it just turned out perfect!!!

CAUTION: As the steam is sealed inside, take care while opening the lid,

15. Serve with Raita, or Boiled Gongura chutney and salad.

–I have mentioned it as pakke-gosht (cooked meat), because we cook the meat before adding the rice, for kachchey-gosht (raw meat) biryani the meat is marinated and is directly put on Dhum with the cooked rice.

**To tenderise the meat raw papaya paste(2 tbsp.) can be added along with the marinade.

This biryani is easily digested because of the use of mint, cumin, fennel,ginger and lemon juice. So do not hesitate to have an extra portion…ENJOY!!!

By Kezia Mary

Hyderabadi Chicken Dum Biryani



Chicken – 1 whole cut into medium pieces
Yoghurt – 2 cups
Lemon – 2 small ( extract juice)
Ginger-Garlic paste – 2 tbsps
Turmeric powder – 1/4 tsp
Red chili powder – 2 tsps
Coriander powder – 1 tbsp
Salt – 1 tbsp
Biyani masala – ( Same ingredients and measurements as in Lamb Shank Dhum Biryani )
Onions – 4 medium Finely sliced and deep fried in 1 cup of oil+ghee.(Keep little to top the layered biryani)
Green chilis – 4 cut diagonally
Fresh mint leaves – 1 cup finely chopped
Fresh Coriander leaves – 1 cup finely chopped

Wash the chicken in enough water,drain well and add all the ingredients metioned above and mix well and cover with a foil and keep in a refrigertor for 1-2 hours for marination.Keep chopped mint and coriander a little approx 2 tbsps to sprinkle on top while layering the biryani.

For rice

Rice – basmati or normal rice 8 cups wash n soak
Water – 16 cups
Cinnamom – 2 inch stick
Cloves – 6
Black pepper corns – 10
Bay leaves – 2
Salt – 1 tbsp

1.Cook the marinated chicken in a large wok along with all the marinade without lid for 4-5 mins and then cover cook for another 5 mins taking care not to burn the bottom of the vessel .
2.At the same time start boiling 16 cups of water in a large cooking vessel or electric rice cooker adding the whole ingredients and salt.
3 .Add the washed,soaked and drained rice to the boiling water and cover cook till just done and still wet.
4.You can Layer in a pressure cooker starting with rice- chicken-rice again chicken and rice always end with rice layer and sprinkle juice of 1 lemon and little oil+ghee on top and the saved fried onion and chopped mint and coriander also, cover and place the whistle and keep on low heat for 20-30 mins or cover tightly with foil and place in the preheated oven for30-40 mins on low gas mark.
5.Turn of heat and wait for 5-10 mins to open the lid.

Serve Hot With Raita and Salad.

By Kezia Mary.

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